Genetic analysis of ovarian germ cell tumors by comparative genomic hybridization
Ovarian germ cell tumors (OGCTs) show a heterogeneity that is not seen in their testicular counterparts and include benign mature cystic teratomas, intermediate immature teratomas, malignant germ cell tumors [GCTs (dysgerminomas, endodermal sinus tumors, and mixed GCTs)], and GCTs arising in dysgenetic gonads of 46,XY individuals. Comparative genomic hybridization was used to analyze 27 OGCTs for regions of relative gain or loss. The analysis of 21 malignant OGCTs (12 dysgerminomas, 6
... inomas, 6 endodermal sinus tumors, and 3 mixed GCTs) demonstrated genetic alterations similar to those reported in adult testicular GCTs. The most common regions gained include chromosomes 12p (16 of 21 tumors), 21 (10 of 21 tumors), 8 (8 of 21 tumors), and 1q (6 of 21 tumors). The most common region lost was chromosome 13. Regions of high-level gain were identified at 12p11-12 and 4q11. The profile of gains and losses was similar in the different histological subtypes within this category. One tumor presented in a 46,XY patient; this tumor was diploid and showed a gain of 12p. Immature teratomas (six cases) showed only one case with an abnormality, which was a gain of chromosome 14. We conclude that malignant OGCTs are genetically similar to those found in the adult testis; however, immature teratomas show no consistent gains or losses and are therefore different from those presenting in the adult testis. A review of the literature suggests that genetic abnormalities in this group may herald a worse prognosis. Lastly, OGCTs in dysgenetic gonads arise in a diploid rather than a tetraploid cell line, yet they also show a gain of 12p.