Особенности погребального обряда Плесинского могильника

К.В. Моряхина
2020
Plesinsky burial ground is located in Gayny district of the Perm territory. Excavations on the monument were carried out in 1960–1961 under the direction of V. A. Oborin. Previously, the object of research was the costume, certain categories of jewelry, weapons, but the funeral rite was not considered as a whole. Although the monument is of interest to researchers of the region, as new traditions in the rite are recorded, rich material in the form of jewelry, weapons, household items, and tools
more » ... ld items, and tools was found in the burials. The purpose of this study is to study the features of burials and sacrificial pits in the inter-grave space on the Plesinsky burial ground. In comparison with earlier monuments of the Perm pre-Urals, it can be noted that the size of burial pits on the Plesinsky burial ground decreases, the remains of tombs are fixed, and coals and animal bones are practically not found in the filling of the pit. Along with this, funeral masks appeared, and costume elements become more diverse. Its most characteristic elements were the temple rings, beads, and waist headset. Based on the analysis of the burial inventory, the Plesinsky burial ground was dated to the VIII–early XX. In the inter-grave space on the monument were located sacrificial complexes, some of which can be interpreted as places reserved for memorial food. Judging by their filling (animal bones, grain grinder), the population that left the Plesinsky burial ground, most likely, led a mixed agriculture. This cemetery belongs to the late stage lomovatka culture. Its study will expand the understanding of the funeral rite of this period, which is very important in the light of disputes about the periodization of medieval cultures of the Permian Urals
doi:10.25730/vsu.2070.20.010 fatcat:oajlltibjfhblcn532xey3u244