A Weakly Supervised Gas-Path Anomaly Detection Method for Civil Aero-Engines Based on Mapping Relationship Mining of Gas-Path Parameters and Improved Density Peak Clustering

Hao Sun, Xuyun Fu, Shisheng Zhong
2021 Sensors  
Gas-path anomalies account for more than 90% of all civil aero-engine anomalies. It is essential to develop accurate gas-path anomaly detection methods. Therefore, a weakly supervised gas-path anomaly detection method for civil aero-engines based on mapping relationship mining of gas-path parameters and improved density peak clustering is proposed. First, the encoder-decoder, composed of an attention mechanism and a long short-term memory neural network, is used to construct the mapping
more » ... ship mining model among gas-path parameters. The predicted values of gas-path parameters under the restriction of mapping relationships are obtained. The deviation degree from the original values to the predicted values is regarded as the feature. To force the extracted features to better reflect the anomalies and make full use of weakly supervised labels, a weakly supervised cross-entropy loss function under extreme class imbalance is deployed. This loss function can be combined with a simple classifier to significantly improve the feature extraction results, in which anomaly samples are more different from normal samples and do not reduce the mining precision. Finally, an anomaly detection method is deployed based on improved density peak clustering and a weakly supervised clustering parameter adjustment strategy. In the improved density peak clustering method, the local density is enhanced by K-nearest neighbors, and the clustering effect is improved by a new outlier threshold determination method and a new outlier treatment method. Through these settings, the accuracy of dividing outliers and clustering can be improved, and the influence of outliers on the clustering process reduced. By introducing weakly supervised label information and automatically iterating according to clustering and anomaly detection results to update the hyperparameter settings, a weakly supervised anomaly detection method without complex parameter adjustment processes can be implemented. The experimental results demonstrate the superiority of the proposed method.
doi:10.3390/s21134526 pmid:34282788 fatcat:uiurngphjbajnlrk5zwl44gdbq