Model Reduction and Analysis for ERK Cell Signalling Pathway Using Implicit-Explicit Rung-Kutta Methods
Passer Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences
Many complex cell signalling pathways and chemical reaction networks include many variables and parameters; this is sometimes a big issue for identifying critical model elements and describing the model dynamics. Therefore, model reduction approaches can be employed as a mathematical tool to reduce the number of elements. In this study, we use a new technique for model reduction: the Lumping of parameters for the simple linear chemical reaction network and the complex cell signalling pathway
... t is extracellular-signal-regulated kinase (ERK) pathways. Moreover, we propose a high-order and accurate method for solving stiff nonlinear ordinary differential equations. The curtail idea of this scheme is based on splitting the problem into stiff and non-stiff terms. More specifically, stiff discretization uses the implicit method, and nonlinear discretization uses the explicit method. This is consequently leading to a reduction in the computational cost of the scheme. The main aim of this study is to reduce the complex cell signalling pathway models by proposing an accurate numerical approximation Runge-Kutta method. This improves one's understanding of such behaviour of these systems and gives an accurate approximate solution. Based on the suggested technique, the simple model's parameters are minimized from 6 to 3, and the complex models from 11 to 8. Results show that there is a good agreement between the original models and the simplified models.