Drinker to Nursery Pig Ratio: Preference for a Drinker Location within a Pen and its Effects on Aggression [report]

Ciara J. Jackson, Anna K. Johnson, Larry J. Sadler, Kenneth J. Stalder, Locke A. Karriker, Roy E. Edler, J. Tyler Holck, Paul R. DuBois
2011 unpublished
and Implications The objectives of this study were to (1) calculate aggressive interactions around the water bowl drinkers and to (2) determine preference for a water bowl location when pigs were offered either one, two or three water bowl drinkers per pen. Information is available on the current drinker to nursery pig's ratios (drinker: pigs). In the UK producers are recommended 1:15, while in the US it is 1:10 for nursery pigs. A total of 225 crossbred were seven weeks of age. Conventional
more » ... ge. Conventional nursery pens had plastic flooring and all pigs had ad-libitum access to a commercially formulated diet. Water was delivered through a single stainless steel water bowl drinker and was provided ad libitum. All pigs received a natural light cycle from a curtain sided building. Nine pens were used for behavioral measures. Three treatments were compared. Treatment one (TRT 1; n = 3) was defined as one water bowl drinker per pen. Treatment two (TRT 2; n = 3) was defined as two water bowl drinkers per pen. Treatment three (TRT 3; n = 3) was defined as three water bowl drinkers per pen. One day prior to visual recording of drinking behavior, all pigs in a pen were identified with an individual number. One 12 V black and white CCTV camera was positioned over each water bowl drinker and behavior was recorded from 0700 to 1300 h over two consecutive days onto a DVR at 1 frame per second. The acquisition of drinking behavior (defined as the pig having its head in the water bowl drinker for 5 s or longer) was obtained by three experienced observers who viewed the recordings using 24 h mode (5 frame / s) onto the Observer software. Total number of aggressive interactions and length of aggression around the water bowl drinker over the 6 h period was not (P < 0.05) different between the treatments. The total amount of time that nursery pigs spent when offered two (F vs. O) water bowl drinkers in a pen did not (P = 0.47) differ. However, when pigs were offered three (F vs. O vs. A) water bowl drinkers in a pen there was a difference (P < 0.0001) for total amount of time spent at all three locations. In conclusion, pigs displayed a water bowl drinker preference with the alley location being the least favored; however, there were no difference in the number or length of aggressive interactions. Introduction Knowledge on correct placement for key resources to facilitate unhindered drinking for nursery aged pigs is limited. Wolter et al., (2000) conducted some elegant work on feeder designs and location for the 17 d old nursery pig and reported that feeders positioned in multiple locations within a pen did not increase performance (Gain :Feed ratios [0.70 vs. 0.70 vs. 0.69 ± 0.008] or feed disappearance (P > 0.10) between the treatment groups. Many factors need to be considered when optimizing drinking availability to the pig; drinking system design, management strategies, quality and quantity of the water supply and age and health of the pig are a few. Finally, providing the optimal ratio of pigs to water resource needs to be considered. To date, information pertaining to drinker to pig ratio is 1:15 in the UK and 1:10 in the US. The objectives of this study were to (1) calculate aggressive interactions around the water bowl drinkers and to (2) determine preference for a water bowl location when pigs were offered either one, two or three water bowl drinkers per pen.
doi:10.31274/ans_air-180814-620 fatcat:firfbul7uvd7xk4oohtoiv3erq