Axis Learning for Orientated Objects Detection in Aerial Images
Orientated object detection in aerial images is still a challenging task due to the bird's eye view and the various scales and arbitrary angles of objects in aerial images. Most current methods for orientated object detection are anchor-based, which require considerable pre-defined anchors and are time consuming. In this article, we propose a new one-stage anchor-free method to detect orientated objects in per-pixel prediction fashion with less computational complexity. Arbitrary orientated
... cts are detected by predicting the axis of the object, which is the line connecting the head and tail of the object, and the width of the object is vertical to the axis. By predicting objects at the pixel level of feature maps directly, the method avoids setting a number of hyperparameters related to anchor and is computationally efficient. Besides, a new aspect-ratio-aware orientation centerness method is proposed to better weigh positive pixel points, in order to guide the network to learn discriminative features from a complex background, which brings improvements for large aspect ratio object detection. The method is tested on two common aerial image datasets, achieving better performance compared with most one-stage orientated methods and many two-stage anchor-based methods with a simpler procedure and lower computational complexity.