How and What They Share? A Qualitative Study about Knowledge Sharing Practices of University Teachers

2019 Global Regional Review  
The current study is concerned with the knowledge sharing practices of university teachers in Pakistan. The prime purpose of this study was exploring the different types of knowledge, different channels used by teachers, and identification of different factors in knowledge sharing process. The semi structured interviews with 15 heads of different department were conducted. The researcher personally approached to respondents and collected the data. The main findings indicated that majority of
more » ... that majority of respondents shared that although they considered technology as a powerful knowledge spreading. The study recommends that there is the dire need to provide the organizational support to these practices by developing a broad mechanism of knowledge sharing. Introduction Knowledge sharing is a process in which individuals transfer and receive information from other individuals in understandable and applicable way to create new knowledge and expertise. According to Barr, Helm and D'Avray (2013), Knowledge sharing is the act of making knowledge available to others. There are two types of knowledge which is shared by the individuals; tacit knowledge and explicit knowledge (Nonaka, 1991. Furthermore, it involves two way process; gaining of knowledge and receiving of knowledge. It has many advantages for the individual and the society as well. Knowledge sharing is the process that urges to identify, locate, capture, share, organize, innovate, and add new knowledge. When individuals share their knowledge they become more competent. Knowledge sharing process makes the employees more confident and capable to do their jobs well. Through this process individuals update their knowledge and deliver the information that they have some important issues, topics, experiences and phenomena. Static knowledge cannot provide continuous benefit to the individual and the organization as compared to knowledge sharing. In knowledge intensive organizations knowledge sharing process remains in flow and dynamic. This flow of knowledge makes the employees more sustainable and incredible. The problem concerned in this study is that knowledge sharing researches in university settings are limited in numbers. Knowledge sharing is considered a social phenomenon. So it is necessary to examine the place and process where it occurred. There are heavy about knowledge sharing in commercial sectors, which is disproportionate with university settings. Therefore, it is interesting to explore knowledge sharing practice in university settings. The main objectives of this study were to explore the different types of knowledge that teachers share with others, highlight the channels of communication teachers use to share the knowledge and, identify the contribution factors in knowledge sharing process. Review of Related Literature According to Saad and Haron (2013) , knowledge sharing is a process used to exchange the knowledge with others. The aim of Knowledge sharing (KS) is creation of new knowledge by merging existing knowledge or * Abstract How and What They Share? A Qualitative Study about
doi:10.31703/grr.2019(iv-i).28 fatcat:2js5dpnnmvfktftvequbh2oeo4