Gordonia polyisoprenivorans sp. nov., a rubber-degrading actinomycete isolated from an automobile tyre
International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology
Sammlung von Mikroorganismen und Zellkulturen, Mascheroder Weg 1 b, 381 24 B raunsc hweig, Germany A rubber-degrading bacterium (strain KdZT) was isolated from fouling tyre water inside a deteriorated automobile tyre. The strain was aerobic, Grampositive, produced elementary branching hyphae which fragmented into rodkoccus-l i ke elements and showed chemotaxonomic markers which were consistent with the classification of Gordonia, i.e. meso-diaminopimelic acid, N-glycolyl muramic acid, arabinose
... mic acid, arabinose and galactose as diagnostic sugars, a fatty acid pattern composed of unbranched saturated and monounsaturated fatty acids with a considerable amount of tuberculostearic acid, and mycolic acids comprising 58-66 carbon atoms with two principal mycolic acids C , , and C , , counting for over 60%. Results of 16s rDNA analyses as well as chemotaxonomic results, led to the conclusion that Gordonia sp. strain KdZT ( = DSM 443023 represents a new species within the genus Gordonia for which the name Gordonia polyisoprenivorans is proposed.