Refining Diagnosis Paths for Medical Diagnosis based on an Augmented Knowledge Graph [article]

Niclas Heilig, Jan Kirchhoff, Florian Stumpe, Joan Plepi, Lucie Flek, Heiko Paulheim
2022 arXiv   pre-print
Medical diagnosis is the process of making a prediction of the disease a patient is likely to have, given a set of symptoms and observations. This requires extensive expert knowledge, in particular when covering a large variety of diseases. Such knowledge can be coded in a knowledge graph -- encompassing diseases, symptoms, and diagnosis paths. Since both the knowledge itself and its encoding can be incomplete, refining the knowledge graph with additional information helps physicians making
more » ... er predictions. At the same time, for deployment in a hospital, the diagnosis must be explainable and transparent. In this paper, we present an approach using diagnosis paths in a medical knowledge graph. We show that those graphs can be refined using latent representations with RDF2vec, while the final diagnosis is still made in an explainable way. Using both an intrinsic as well as an expert-based evaluation, we show that the embedding-based prediction approach is beneficial for refining the graph with additional valid conditions.
arXiv:2204.13329v1 fatcat:dukz6agfh5hoveyox7hejrfliu