Chemical and Physical Characterization of Sorghum Milling Fractions and Sorghum Whole Meal Flours Obtained via Stone or Roller Milling

Rubina Rumler, Denisse Bender, Sofia Speranza, Johannes Frauenlob, Lydia Gamper, Joost Hoek, Henry Jäger, Regine Schönlechner
2021 Foods  
Due to climate change sorghum might gain widespread in the Western countries, as the grain is adapted to hot climate. Additionally sorghum contains a notable amount of health-promoting nutrients. However, Western countries do not have a long history of sorghum consumption, and thus little experience in processing it. Milling systems in these areas were mostly developed for wheat or rye milling. In the present work, the effectiveness of sorghum milling when using a stone and a roller milling
more » ... em (pilot scale) was investigated as well as its impact on the chemical and physical properties of the obtained flour fractions and whole-grain flours. Results showed that both milling systems could be successfully adapted to producing chemically and physically distinct flour and bran fractions from the small sorghum kernels. Fractions with increased bran material that contained higher amounts of ash, protein, fat, total dietary fiber, and total phenolic content but less starch, showed enhanced water absorption indices and water solubility indices. Interestingly, no significant difference was found in the ash and fat content of the different fractions obtained from stone milling. Overall, the study provided information on the production and composition of distinct flour fractions, which offer a wider range of future food applications.
doi:10.3390/foods10040870 pmid:33923433 fatcat:zdxppve5afg3dojgz2n3ilysh4