Performance Improvement of a Fiber-Reinforced Polymer Bar for a Reinforced Sea Sand and Seawater Concrete Beam in the Serviceability Limit State

Jiafei Jiang, Jie Luo, Jiangtao Yu, Zhichen Wang
2019 Sensors  
Fiber-reinforced polymer (FRP) has supreme resistance to corrosion and can be designed with optic fibers. FRP can be an alternative to steel reinforcement for concrete structures, and can serve as a sensor for smart concrete structures. Due to poor cracking control and bond performance, the limit of flexural capacity in the serviceability limit state has not been determined, which has obstructed the wider application of FRP bars in smart structures. In this study, in order to overcome these
more » ... tcomings, a new engineering cementitious composite (ECC) with superior tensile strain capacity was used to replace the cover around the FRP bars in the tensile zone. To investigate the anti-cracking performance of the new composite beam, seven simply supported beams were designed. In the preliminary investigation, the longitudinal FRP bars in these beams were designed without optic fibers to focus on the mechanical behavior. The beams were tested under four-point load and measured using the digital sensor technique, digital image correlation (DIC). The test results showed that introducing a new ECC layer on the tensile side improves the cracking control and flexural behavior (load capacity and deformability) of a FRP-reinforced sea sand and seawater concrete (SSC) beam, especially in the serviceability limit state. We demonstrate the new composite beam can steadily and fully improve the tensile capacity of FRP bars, which is the basis of using FRP bars as sensors.
doi:10.3390/s19030654 fatcat:aowozou5xnairn2n53uputkulq