Regulation of colon carcinoma cell invasion by hypoxia-inducible factor 1

Balaji Krishnamachary, Shannon Berg-Dixon, Brian Kelly, Faton Agani, David Feldser, Gloria Ferreira, Narayan Iyer, Jessica LaRusch, Brian Pak, Panthea Taghavi, Gregg L Semenza
2003 Cancer Research  
Hypoxia-inducible factor 1 (HIF-1) transactivates genes the products of which mediate tumor angiogenesis and glycolytic metabolism. Overexpression of the HIF-1 alpha subunit, resulting from intratumoral hypoxia and genetic alterations, has been demonstrated in common human cancers and is correlated with tumor angiogenesis and patient mortality. Here we demonstrate that hypoxia or HIF-1 alpha overexpression stimulates Matrigel invasion by HCT116 human colon carcinoma cells, whereas this process
more » ... ereas this process is inhibited by a small interfering RNA directed against HIF-1 alpha. We show that HIF-1 regulates the expression of genes encoding cathepsin D; matrix metalloproteinase 2; urokinase plasminogen activator receptor (uPAR); fibronectin 1; keratins 14, 18, and 19; vimentin; transforming growth factor alpha; and autocrine motility factor, which are proteins that play established roles in the pathophysiology of invasion. Neutralizing antibodies against uPAR block tumor cell invasion induced by hypoxia or HIF-1 alpha overexpression. These results provide a molecular basis for promotion of the invasive cancer phenotype by hypoxia and/or HIF-1 alpha overexpression.
pmid:12615733 fatcat:tnqek5qjifgmvcgrzqvuheq3ma