Learning hidden influences in large-scale dynamical social networks: A data-driven sparsity-based approach [article]

Chiara Ravazzi, Fabrizio Dabbene, Constantino Lagoa, Anton V. Proskurnikov
2020 arXiv   pre-print
Interpersonal influence estimation from empirical data is a central challenge in the study of social structures and dynamics. Opinion dynamics theory is a young interdisciplinary science that studies opinion formation in social networks and has a huge potential in applications, such as marketing, advertisement and recommendations. The term social influence refers to the behavioral change of individuals due to the interactions with others in a social system, e.g. organization, community, or
more » ... ty in general. The advent of the Internet has made a huge volume of data easily available that can be used to measure social influence over large populations. Here, we aim at qualitatively and quantitatively infer social influence from data using a systems and control viewpoint. First, we introduce some definitions and models of opinions dynamics and review some structural constraints of online social networks, based on the notion of sparsity. Then, we review the main approaches to infer the network's structure from a set of observed data. Finally, we present some algorithms that exploit the introduced models and structural constraints, focusing on the sample complexity and computational requirements.
arXiv:2007.06713v2 fatcat:mxunepbsnrdrtavdyfdbwzohlq