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3rd IET International Conference on System Safety 2008
Previous terrorist attacks, for example in Madrid and London, have increased concern over the threat that Improvised Explosive Devices (IEDs) poses to public safety. Insurgent groups in Iraq and Afghanistan have developed relatively sophisticated tactics, including the use of synchronised attacks with multiple devices that have not yet been witnessed in Europe or North America. Some of these approaches specifically target the fire and rescue services that are deployed in response to an initialdoi:10.1049/cp:20080716 fatcat:zu3y7xwgincnvatafeuecbzdti