Investigation on Compressive Formability and Microstructure Evolution of 6082-T6 Aluminum Alloy

Zhouli Xu, Huijuan Ma, Ning Zhao, Zhili Hu
2020 Metals  
The 6xxx aluminum alloy is the first choice for automotive lightweight forgings due to its excellent performance, high strength and low weight. The production time of current aluminum alloy forging generally exceeds 10 h. To reduce the production time of traditional aluminum alloy forgings, 6082-T6 aluminum alloy is used in the forming process. The effects of different heating temperatures (200 °C, 300 °C, and 400 °C) and deformation degrees (30%, 50%, and 70%) on the deformability and
more » ... s of 6082-T6 billets have been investigated. The results show that when the heating temperature is higher than 300 °C, the compressive deformation resistance obviously decreases with increasing strength. With compression at 200 °C and 70% deformation with short heating time, the strength of the sample is close to the T6 (solution treatment and artificial aging) state. A large number of dislocations and subgrains were introduced due to the compression deformation, and their amounts decreased as the heating temperature increased. The size of the precipitated phase β′′ slightly grows under a heating temperature of 200 °C. However, when the heating temperature is higher than 300 °C, the precipitated phase gradually changes from β′′, which is optimal for the strengthening effect, to β′ and β, which offer weaker strengthening. Therefore, under a lower heating temperature of 200 °C for 5 min, a large number of dislocations are introduced with the β′′ precipitated phase, leading to higher strength with less heat treatment time.
doi:10.3390/met10040469 fatcat:s5z6i4zdfbdzlfdf27o7xojoha