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Observing many researchers using the same data and hypothesis reveals a hidden universe of uncertainty
This study explores how researchers' analytical choices affect the reliability of scientific findings. Most discussions of reliability problems in science focus on systematic biases. We broaden the lens to emphasize the idiosyncrasy of conscious and unconscious decisions that researchers make during data analysis. We coordinated 161 researchers in 73 research teams and observed their research decisions as they used the same data to independently test the same prominent social sciencedoi:10.5167/uzh-222045 fatcat:bussmqybtvgvvd5zbecoxzsfte