The nature of electron correlation in a dissociating bond

Joshua W. Hollett, Laura K. McKemmish, Peter M. W. Gill
2011 Journal of Chemical Physics  
We have constructed the unrestricted Hartree-Fock (UHF), restricted Hartree-Fock (RHF), and full configuration interaction (FCI) position and momentum intracules and holes for H· · ·H at bond lengths R from 1 to 10 bohrs. We trace the recently discovered inversion of the UHF position hole at intermediate R to over-localization of the spin-orbitals, and support this by a correlation energy component analysis. The RHF and UHF momentum holes are found to be more complicated; however their features
more » ... are explained through decomposition of electron correlation effects. The UHF momentum hole is also found to invert and exhibits interesting behavior at large R. The RHF (but not UHF) and FCI momentum intracules exhibit Young-type interference patterns related to recent double photoionization experiments. Our analyses yield the most comprehensive picture to date of the behavior of the electrons during homolytic bond fission.
doi:10.1063/1.3599937 pmid:21682503 fatcat:4mvarjhajba27knbbtkrmbzsm4