Research on Biotic and Abiotic Stress Related Genes Exploration and Prediction in Brassica rapa and B. oleracea: A Review
Plant Breeding and Biotechnology
This is an Open-Access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0) which permits unrestricted non-commercial use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited. Plant Breed. Biotech. 2016 (May) 4(2):135~144 http://dx. ABSTRACT Global population is increasing day-by-day, simultaneously, crop production need to increase proportionately. Whereas, increase
... Whereas, increase crop production being restricted due to abiotic and biotic stresses. Abiotic stresses are adversely affected crop growth and development, leading to crop loss globally and thereby causing huge amount of economic loss as well. Contrary, pathogens are attacked the plants imposing biotic stress and severely hampers the yield. Therefore, it is prime need to understand the molecular mechanism and genes involved to minimize the biotic and abiotic stresses for mitigating the Brassica vegetable crop losses. The stress responsive, pathogens related genes are involved in tolerance or resistance to stress in plants that are cross-talk with different types of stress components in signal transduction pathways. The plants have their own mechanism to overcome biotic and abiotic stresses to follow the abscisic acid (ABA)-dependent and ABA-independent pathways. Several transcription factors such as WRKY, Alfin-like, MYB, NAC, DREB, CBF are integrating to various stress signals and controlling the gene expression through networking with their related cis-elements. To develop stress tolerance and/or resistant crops plants, there is need to realize both of the plant and pathogenic disease development mechanisms. Therefore, this article is focused on (i) major and devastating stresses on vegetable crops, (ii) role of genes to overcome the stresses, and (iii) differential genes expressed under biotic and abiotic stresses in Brassica oleracea and B. rapa for getting insight of the mechanisms of development of resistance lines.