Multi-task deep neural network acoustic models with model adaptation using discriminative speaker identity for whisper recognition

Jingjie Li, Ian McLoughlin, Cong Liu, Shaofei Xue, Si Wei
2015 2015 IEEE International Conference on Acoustics, Speech and Signal Processing (ICASSP)  
2016) Multi-task deep neural network acoustic models with model adaptation using discriminative speaker identity for whisper recognition. ABSTRACT This paper presents a study on large vocabulary continuous whisper automatic recognition (wLVCSR). wLVCSR provides the ability to use ASR equipment in public places without concern for disturbing others or leaking private information. However the task of wLVCSR is much more challenging than normal LVCSR due to the absence of pitch which not only
more » ... s the signal to noise ratio (SNR) of whispers to be much lower than normal speech but also leads to flatness and formant shifts in whisper spectra. Furthermore, the amount of whisper data available for training is much less than for normal speech. In this paper, multi-task deep neural network (DNN) acoustic models are deployed to solve these problems. Moreover, model adaptation is performed on the multi-task DNN to normalize speaker and environmental variability in whispers based on discriminative speaker identity information. On a Mandarin whisper dictation task, with 55 hours of whisper data, the proposed SI multi-task DNN model can achieve 56.7% character error rate (CER) improvement over a baseline Gaussian Mixture Model (GMM), discriminatively trained only using the whisper data. Besides, the CER of the proposed model for normal speech can reach 15.2%, which is close to the performance of a state-of-the-art DNN trained with one thousand hours of speech data. From this baseline, the model-adapted DNN gains a further 10.9% CER reduction over the generic model.
doi:10.1109/icassp.2015.7178916 dblp:conf/icassp/LiMLXW15 fatcat:o7li4strsjcchpalgx6y5xm3bq