Raising Aspirations of Boys and Girls through Role Models: Evidence from a Field Experiment

Jennifer Golan, Jing You
2020 figshare.com  
We analyse gender differences in children's aspirations and academic beliefs that affect their academic potential. We use administrative data on the test scores of a primary school in rural China and a novel survey instrument in the evaluation of a randomised controlled trial of a role-model intervention. Our intervention increases Chinese test scores by 0.116 standard deviations, which is driven by boys' 0.33–0.35 standard-deviation performance boost that persists into 1 year after the
more » ... t. Girls only experience a short-term increase in performance within a week after the treatment. The impact of the treatment is especially pronounced for children starting with low aspiration, self-efficacy, or cognitive ability. While there is no average impact on Mathematics test scores, we find that boys holding traditional gender attitudes and having a high self-efficacy, and girls of high self-efficacy and aspirations, perform better in response to the treatment. Aspirations, confidence, and gender attitudes account for parts of our findings.
doi:10.6084/m9.figshare.13312616.v1 fatcat:hnppqnzrhnhqtpi44f7ykl2l2u