Pore dynamics and asymmetric cargo loading in an encapsulin nanocompartment revealed by Cryo-EM and hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry [article]

Jenn Ross, Zak McIver, Thomas Lambert, Cecilia Piergentili, Kelly J Gallagher, Jasmine Emma Bird, Faye L Cruickshank, Efrain Zarazua-Arvizu, Louise E Horsfall, Kevin J Waldron, Marcus D Wilson, C Logan Mackay (+3 others)
2021 bioRxiv   pre-print
Encapsulins (Enc) are protein nanocompartments which house various cargo enzymes, including a family of decameric ferritin-like proteins. Previously, we elucidated the structure and activity of these ferritin-like proteins (EncFtn) and demonstrated that they must be encapsulated in a nanocompartment for iron storage. Here, we study a recombinant Haliangium ochraceum Enc:EncFtn complex using electron cryo-microscopy (Cryo-EM) and hydrogen/deuterium exchange mass spectrometry (HDX-MS) to gain
more » ... ght into the structural relationship between Enc and EncFtn. An asymmetric single particle reconstruction reveals four EncFtn decamers in a tetrahedral arrangement within the encapsulin nanocompartment. This leads to a symmetry mismatch between the EncFtn cargo and the icosahedral encapsulin shell. The EncFtn decamers are offset from the interior face of the encapsulin shell and are resolved at a much lower overall resolution in the final reconstruction. This flexibility, and the fixed number of EncFtn decamers sequestered within, implies that the loading of the encapsulin nanocompartment is limited by the steric effect of both engaged and free encapsulin localization sequences. Using a combination of focused refinements and HDX-MS, we observed dynamic behavior of the major five-fold pore, and show the pore opening via the movement of the encapsulin A-domain. These data can accelerate efforts to engineer the sequestration of heterologous cargo proteins and to alter the permeability of the encapsulin shell via pore modifications.
doi:10.1101/2021.04.15.439977 fatcat:gdqvvcemjzav5ievvmikapw5zm