Environmental assessment method for a small-river restoration plan
International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning
Although more than 23,000 river restoration projects have been conducted during the past 15 years in Japan, reliable environmental assessment methods have not yet been identifi ed. The environment of the Kamisaigo River is assessed before restoration. The river had been canalized with concrete revetments, reducing its biological function. In 2007, the Fukutsu City Government initiated a program to restore the environmental quality of the river. The aim of this paper was to determine the best
... termine the best method of assessing the river environment. The fi sh and the physical environment to assess the environmental condition of the river are surveyed. A fi sh index developed by Kyushu University adequately represented characteristics of river health and was used to determine which sites warranted restoration, rehabilitation priorities, and appropriate methods. The authors calculated 14 regionally developed indices using the ecological features of the fi sh at several river sites. The environmental quality of the river varied substantially across seven sampling sites. Using these assessment results, the authors determined the specifi c weaknesses that affected the condition of each site. A restoration and improvement program based on these fi ndings accomplished several goals, including restoring the fl oodplain, incorporating a variety of fl ow rates, and enhancing vegetation for fi sh spawning.