Suitable CO2 Solubility Models for Determination of the CO2 Removal Performance of Oxygenators

Benjamin Lukitsch, Paul Ecker, Martin Elenkov, Christoph Janeczek, Christian Jordan, Claus G. Krenn, Roman Ullrich, Margit Gfoehler, Michael Harasek
2021 Bioengineering  
CO2 removal via membrane oxygenators during lung protective ventilation has become a reliable clinical technique. For further optimization of oxygenators, accurate prediction of the CO2 removal rate is necessary. It can either be determined by measuring the CO2 content in the exhaust gas of the oxygenator (sweep flow-based) or using blood gas analyzer data and a CO2 solubility model (blood-based). In this study, we determined the CO2 removal rate of a prototype oxygenator utilizing both methods
more » ... lizing both methods in in vitro trials with bovine and in vivo trials with porcine blood. While the sweep flow-based method is reliably accurate, the blood-based method depends on the accuracy of the solubility model. In this work, we quantified performances of four different solubility models by calculating the deviation of the CO2 removal rates determined by both methods. Obtained data suggest that the simplest model (Loeppky) performs better than the more complex ones (May, Siggaard-Anderson, and Zierenberg). The models of May, Siggaard-Anderson, and Zierenberg show a significantly better performance for in vitro bovine blood data than for in vivo porcine blood data. Furthermore, the suitability of the Loeppky model parameters for bovine blood (in vitro) and porcine blood (in vivo) is evaluated.
doi:10.3390/bioengineering8030033 pmid:33801555 fatcat:ultdwlqyovdwlffotyog7buowe