Effect of ultrasound waves against infection with giardiasis in Rattus norvegicus rats

Asmaa Ali, Hiba Khudher
2018 Journal of education and science  
The present study investigated the effect of the direct ultrasonic waves, as an immune stimulator, against infection with giardiasis caused by Giardia lamblia in Norwegian rat, Rattus norvegicus. The pathological changes occurred in the rats administered orally with the cysts of G. lamblia, exposed to different durations of ultrasonic waves for 60 seconds, 150s, 210s and 240s, respectively, with constant frequency 20,000 pulse\second(1.8w/cm 2 ) were followed compared with the control group
more » ... e control group (rats administered orally with the cysts of G. lamblia, without exposure to the ultrasonic waves), along the experimental period, depending on many criteria, included the changes in cysts expel and weights of animals . The results revealed significant reduction (p>0.01) in cysts expel in the rats exposed to direct ultrasonic waves in comparison with the control group, the maximum reduction was at duration 240 seconds, and a significant elevation (p>0.01) in percentage of weights in the treated animals compared with the control group, the maximum elevation was 404. 25% , at 240 seconds . ‫الخالصة‬ ‫ػد‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ػة,‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫لممناع‬ ً ‫ا‬ ‫ػز‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫محف‬ ‫ػفيا‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫بوص‬ ‫ػوتية,‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫الص‬ ‫ػوؽ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ػات‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫الموج‬ ‫ػأثير‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ػة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫الحالي‬ ‫ػة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫اس‬ ‫الدر‬ ‫ػت‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫تناول‬ ‫ػا‬ ‫الجياردي‬ ‫ػداء‬ ‫ب‬ ‫اإلصابة‬ Giardiasis ‫ػف‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ػبب‬ ‫المتس‬ Giardia lamblia ‫ػة‬ ‫النرويجي‬ ‫ػرذاف‬ ‫الج‬ ‫ػي‬ ‫ف‬ Rattus norvegicus . ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫الج‬ ‫ػي‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ػية‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫المرض‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ػر‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫التغي‬ ‫ػة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫متابع‬ ‫ػـ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ػاس‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫بأكي‬ ً ‫ػا‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫فموي‬ ‫ػة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫المجرع‬ ‫رذاف‬ ‫ػة,‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫مختمف‬ ‫ػة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫زمني‬ ‫ات‬ ‫ػر‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ولفت‬ ‫ػوتية‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫الص‬ ‫ػوؽ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ػات‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫لمموج‬ ‫ػرضة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫المع‬ ‫ػا‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫المبمي‬ ‫ػا‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫الجياردي‬ 60 ‫ػة,‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ثاني‬ 150 ‫ثانية,‬ 210 ‫و‬ ‫ثانية‬ 240 ‫بمغ‬ ‫المعامبلت‬ ‫لكؿ‬ ‫ثابت‬ ‫وبتردد‬ ‫الي,‬ ‫التو‬ ‫عمى‬ ‫ثانية,‬ 20 ‫ػة‬ ‫ذبذب‬ ‫ػؼ‬ ‫ال‬ \ ‫ػة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫الثاني‬ w/cm 2 ) 1.8 ‫ال‬ ‫ػرذاف‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫(الج‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ػيطر‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫الس‬ ‫ػة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫بمجموع‬ ‫ػة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫ن‬ ‫مقار‬ ) ‫ػاردي‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫الجي‬ ‫ػاس‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫بأكي‬ ً ‫ػا‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫فموي‬ ‫ػة‬ ‫ػ‬ ‫مجرع‬ ‫انغشر‬ ‫فٙ‬ ‫انغٛبسدٚب‬ ‫ثذاء‬ ‫االطبثخ‬ ‫ػذ‬ ‫انظٕرٛخ‬ ‫فٕق‬ ‫انًٕعبد‬ ‫رأصٛش‬ ‫انُشٔٚغٙ‬ Rattus norvegicus ‫ٔانعهى‬ ‫انزشثٛخ‬ ‫يغهخ‬ / -‫انظشفخ‬ ‫انعٕو‬ 96 ‫انغشر‬ ‫فٙ‬ ‫انغٛبسدٚب‬ ‫ثذاء‬ ‫االطبثخ‬ ‫ػذ‬ ‫انظٕرٛخ‬ ‫فٕق‬ ‫انًٕعبد‬ ‫رأصٛش‬ ‫انُشٔٚغٙ‬ Rattus norvegicus ‫ٔانعهى‬ ‫انزشثٛخ‬ ‫يغهخ‬ / -‫انظشفخ‬ ‫انعٕو‬ 97 ‫انغشر‬ ‫فٙ‬ ‫انغٛبسدٚب‬ ‫ثذاء‬ ‫االطبثخ‬ ‫ػذ‬ ‫انظٕرٛخ‬ ‫فٕق‬ ‫انًٕعبد‬ ‫رأصٛش‬ ‫انُشٔٚغٙ‬ Rattus norvegicus ‫ٔانعهى‬ ‫انزشثٛخ‬ ‫يغهخ‬ / -‫انظشفخ‬ ‫انعٕو‬ ‫انغشر‬ ‫فٙ‬ ‫انغٛبسدٚب‬ ‫ثذاء‬ ‫االطبثخ‬ ‫ػذ‬ ‫انظٕرٛخ‬ ‫فٕق‬ ‫انًٕعبد‬ ‫رأصٛش‬ ‫انُشٔٚغٙ‬ Rattus norvegicus ‫ٔانعهى‬ ‫انزشثٛخ‬ ‫يغهخ‬ / -‫انظشفخ‬ ‫انعٕو‬ ‫انغشر‬ ‫فٙ‬ ‫انغٛبسدٚب‬ ‫ثذاء‬ ‫االطبثخ‬ ‫ػذ‬ ‫انظٕرٛخ‬ ‫فٕق‬ ‫انًٕعبد‬ ‫رأصٛش‬ ‫انُشٔٚغٙ‬ Rattus norvegicus ‫ٔانعهى‬ ‫انزشثٛخ‬ ‫يغهخ‬ / -‫انظشفخ‬ ‫انعٕو‬ ‫انغشر‬ ‫فٙ‬ ‫انغٛبسدٚب‬ ‫ثذاء‬ ‫االطبثخ‬ ‫ػذ‬ ‫انظٕرٛخ‬ ‫فٕق‬ ‫انًٕعبد‬ ‫رأصٛش‬ ‫انُشٔٚغٙ‬ Rattus norvegicus ‫ٔانعهى‬ ‫انزشثٛخ‬ ‫يغهخ‬ / -‫انظشفخ‬ ‫انعٕو‬ ‫انغشر‬ ‫فٙ‬ ‫انغٛبسدٚب‬ ‫ثذاء‬ ‫االطبثخ‬ ‫ػذ‬ ‫انظٕرٛخ‬ ‫فٕق‬ ‫انًٕعبد‬ ‫رأصٛش‬ ‫انُشٔٚغٙ‬ Rattus norvegicus ‫ٔانعهى‬ ‫انزشثٛخ‬ ‫يغهخ‬ / -‫انظشفخ‬ ‫انعٕو‬ ‫انغشر‬ ‫فٙ‬ ‫انغٛبسدٚب‬ ‫ثذاء‬ ‫االطبثخ‬ ‫ػذ‬ ‫انظٕرٛخ‬ ‫فٕق‬ ‫انًٕعبد‬ ‫رأصٛش‬ ‫انُشٔٚغٙ‬ Rattus norvegicus ‫ٔانعهى‬ ‫انزشثٛخ‬ ‫يغهخ‬ / -‫انظشفخ‬ ‫انعٕو‬ ‫انغشر‬ ‫فٙ‬ ‫انغٛبسدٚب‬ ‫ثذاء‬ ‫االطبثخ‬ ‫ػذ‬ ‫انظٕرٛخ‬ ‫فٕق‬ ‫انًٕعبد‬ ‫رأصٛش‬ ‫انُشٔٚغٙ‬ Rattus norvegicus ‫ٔانعهى‬ ‫انزشثٛخ‬ ‫يغهخ‬ / -‫انظشفخ‬ ‫انعٕو‬
doi:10.33899/edusj.2018.147583 fatcat:43aohoznf5dstg3p3xetqet3ai