Remote and Close Range Sensing for the Automatic Identification and Characterization of Archaeological Looting. The Case of Peru

Nicola Masini, Rosa Lasaponara
2021 Journal of Computer Applications in Archaeology  
Looting is the major source of artefacts for the antiquities market. Specific measures are needed to fight the whole chain of the illicit activities undertaken by criminal organizations (from the excavation to the selling of the artefacts), and they should be devised for each phase of such illegal activities. The development and use of appropriate technologies for the identification of the most 'vulnerable' sites, and the timely detection and automatic quantification of the extension of the
more » ... xtension of the looted areas are crucial steps for setting up a monitoring system working also for remote and inaccessible archaeological areas, often in regions affected by armed conflicts or characterized by flight restrictions. In this context, Earth Observation (EO) technologies can provide reliable information: (i) to quantify the looting phenomenon even if it is on an 'industrial scale' over large areas, and (ii) to set up a systematic monitoring tool to trace the illicit trade in antiquities.
doi:10.5334/jcaa.73 fatcat:cc2hzxoa6zgbvgwa6vdablx664