Intellectual disability among Bhutanese refugees referred to psychiatric service of BPKIHS

Binod Kumar Deo, L Mallick, D R Shakya, P M Shyangwa, N Sapkota, BR Adhikari, RG Joshi, AK Pandey, R R Singh
2017 Health Renaissance  
<p><strong>Background: </strong>Intellectual disability plays a significant role, especially in the field of rehabilitation. It becomes more important when people live in refugee camp for a long duration.</p><p><strong>Objective: </strong>To assess the level of intelligence and disability; and to sort out the illnesses comorbid with mental retardation in the Bhutanese refugees in eastern Nepal.</p><p><strong>Methods: </strong>Hospital based descriptive study was done using purposive sampling.
more » ... struments used were: vineland social maturity scale, developmental screening test, seguin form board, standard progressive matrices and colored progressive matrices.</p><p><strong>Results: </strong>Samples were 42 with 64% females. Age range was 11-20 years. Among these referred cases, 45% had speech disorder and hearing loss and 31% had neurological disorders, including seizure disorders. Sixty-six percent had mild, 9% moderate and 19% severe mental retardation.</p><p><strong>Conclusion: </strong>Majority of the intellectually disabled Bhutanese refugees had mild mental retardation, followed by severe one. Seizure was a common co-morbidity in mental retardation.</p><p class="Default"> <strong>Health Renaissance </strong>2015;13 (1): </p>
doi:10.3126/hren.v13i1.17944 fatcat:shzlvwl23fgxrmntkran76xk6m