Multiobjective Optimization of Carbon Fiber-Reinforced Plastic Composite Bumper Based on Adaptive Genetic Algorithm

Dawei Gao, Haotian Liang, Guijie Shi, Liqin Cao
2019 Mathematical Problems in Engineering  
Genetic algorithm (GA) is a common optimization technique that has two fatal limitations: low convergence speed and premature convergence to the local optimum. As an effective method to solve these drawbacks, an adaptive genetic algorithm (AGA) considering adaptive crossover and mutation operators is proposed in this paper. Verified by two test functions, AGA shows higher convergence speed and stronger ability to search the global optimal solutions than GA. To meet the crashworthiness and
more » ... orthiness and lightweight demands of automotive bumper design, CFRP material is employed in the bumper beam instead of traditional aluminum. Then, a multiobjective optimization procedure incorporating AGA and the Kriging surrogate model is developed to find the optimal stacking angle sequence of CFRP. Compared with the conventional aluminum bumper, the optimized CFRP bumper exhibits better crashworthiness and achieves 43.19% weight reduction.
doi:10.1155/2019/8948315 fatcat:tyajcn5a6fb3bj7uyhicbnvbhu