Identification of RING-H2 Gene Candidates Related to Wood Formation in Poplar
RING-H2 genes, the most abundant RING-type genes encoding putative ubiquitin ligase E3, are involved in diverse biological processes. Whether RING-H2 genes are related to wood formation remains to be identified in trees. In this study, we identified 288 RING-H2 genes in Populus trichocarpa, and found that the segmental and tandem duplication events contributed to RING-H2 gene expansion. Microarray dataset (from Affymetrix poplar genome arrays) showed that 64 of the 249 RING-H2 genes were highly
... 2 genes were highly or preferentially expressed in stem xylem. According to the AspWood RNAseq dataset, the transcription levels of genes PtrRHH21, 33, 48, 69, 88, 93, 94, 121, 141, 166, 175, 192, 208, 214, 250 and 257 were significantly increased in the xylem ranging from the expanding xylem to the lignifying xylem, suggesting their association with wood formation. Promoter analyses revealed that most of the preferentially xylem-expressed RING-H2 genes possessed SNBE, TERE, M46RE, AC and SMRE cis-elements, which are involved in secondary cell wall biosynthesis and programmed cell death. Based on the promoter GUS-based analysis result, PtrRHH94 was indicated to be associated with wood formation in transgenic P. trichocarpa. Taken together, dozens of Populus RING-H2 gene candidates associated with wood formation have been identified based on multiple gene expression analyses.