The independent set problem is FPT for even-hole-free graphs [article]

Edin Husic, Stephan Thomasse, Nicolas Trotignon
2019 arXiv   pre-print
The class of even-hole-free graphs is very similar to the class of perfect graphs, and was indeed a cornerstone in the tools leading to the proof of the Strong Perfect Graph Theorem. However, the complexity of computing a maximum independent set (MIS) is a long-standing open question in even-hole-free graphs. From the hardness point of view, MIS is W[1]-hard in the class of graphs without induced 4-cycle (when parameterized by the solution size). Halfway of these, we show in this paper that MIS
more » ... is FPT when parameterized by the solution size in the class of even-hole-free graphs. The main idea is to apply twice the well-known technique of augmenting graphs to extend some initial independent set.
arXiv:1907.01083v2 fatcat:ot4sjpepsfejhc37eskw7dfcii