Numerical Simulation of Liquid Sloshing with Different Filling Levels Using OpenFOAM and Experimental Validation

Yichao Chen, Mi-An Xue
2018 Water  
A series of numerical simulations were performed to explore the influences of filling level, excitation frequency and amplitude on liquid sloshing by using the open source Computational Fluid Dynamics toolbox OpenFOAM (Open Field Operation and Manipulation), which was fully validated by the experimental data. The results show that the dynamic impact pressure is proportional to the external excitation amplitude only in non-resonance frequency ranges. Pressure-frequency response curves
more » ... e curves demonstrate a transition process from a 'soft-spring' response to a 'hard-spring' response following the changes of the filling level. Such a transition process is found to be dominated by the ratio of the filling level to tank length and the critical value can be obtained. It is also found that wave breaking influences the period of sloshing wave in tanks and ultimately alters the resonance frequency from the linear theory.
doi:10.3390/w10121752 fatcat:kotx55mikfbqzpuwkuv55sm35m