Targeting and initial radioimmunotherapy of medullary thyroid carcinoma with 131I-labeled monoclonal antibodies to carcinoembryonic antigen
The targeting potential of 131I-labeled NP-4 and MN-14 anti-CEA (carcinoembryonic antigen) monoclonal antibodies (MAbs) was assessed in 19 patients with metastatic medullary thyroid cancer (MTC). Seventeen of these patients also entered pilot radioimmunotherapy studies with nonmyeloablative doses of 131I-anti-CEA MAbs. Tumor targeting was possible in all 19 patients, with an overall lesion sensitivity of 91%. Tumor dosimetry with 131I-MN-14 IgG or F(ab)2 was very favorable, with tumor doses of
... ith tumor doses of 14.3 +/- 8.3 cGy/mCi and tumor:red marrow dose ratios exceeding 3:1 for most lesions. Limited antitumor effects lasting up to 26+ months, based on physical exam, tumor markers, computed tomography, or a followup MAb scan, were seen in 5 of 11 assessable patients given relatively low doses of 131I-labeled anti-CEA MAbs. We conclude that anti-CEA MAbs are excellent agents for targeting metastatic MTC. The high tumor uptake of the 131I-anti-CEA antibodies and evidence of tumor response in some patients suggest that radioimmunotherapy with radioiodinated anti-CEA MAbs may be an effective treatment for MTC, particularly when the maximum tolerated dose is given alone or in combination with autologous red marrow or peripheral stem cell support.