Evaluation of Latin American Thought of Communication Beginnings, Key Moments and Current Situation

Gustavo Adolfo León Duarte, Diana Elizabeth Moreno Carrillo
2015 International Journal of Linguistics & Communication  
The text aims to analyze and discuss the beginning and fundamental moments of the process of institutionalization of teaching and research in Latin American communication studies and its association and impact on Latin American thought's configuration of communication. Its historical development has shown some claims requiring combinations of Communication, Social Studies and Humanities studies. One of the most productive integration arises from the perspective of interdisciplinary research.
more » ... ticularly, when looking to solve complex and multidimensional social problems. , when communication research in Latin America developed a new appearance. There is a palpable consensus among researchers from the communication in Latin America that one of the main factors involved in the development of the field of study between 1959 and 1978 was CIESPAL. It was not only a contributing factor to develop the field but it developed the first undisputed previous experience in the field of communication research in the region. Since the early years of its foundation, its practices are widely recognized by the agents and the countryside. Unlike to what normally hold their illustrious several sources; these experiences represent clearly more than just open horizons for research and teaching of communication in the region. The founding of CIESPAL, is the establishment and heavier foundation for the development of the academic field of communication in Latin America, which also creates the road to open the development of institutionalization in its investigation and the consolidation of the education. 68 CIESPAL is created in 1959 in Quito, Ecuador, took office in 1960. With the support of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO, for its acronym in English) and the Organization of American States (OAS), CIESPAL focused its work on three areas of concentration: journalism education and communication, documentation and research. (CIESPAL, 1965). Consequently, it is from the mid-60s, when an early but crucial for communication research presence in the region is constituted. They are determined, from then until the mid-70s, the first expressions of influence in Latin American production of communication studies. Since then, the critical impulse and ethical-political positioning as core structural features in their research would be preserved. However, the historical struggles of scientific capital for 70 years has never objectified the academic field of communication in Latin America to express potential appreciation as important as to the investment made by Jesus Martin Barbero. The researcher, from the early 80s and even today, would become the main foundation for understanding the transformations of the field. Also, to reflect, contrary to theoretical logic exposed by the same Bourdieu (2000) , breaking conservation strategies discipline (or disciplining), formulating projects and places counter-strategic thinking society from an interdisciplinary perspective. The scientific practices that identify main scientific productions of the Latin American School of Communication (ELACOM), the Latin American Association of Communication (ALAIC) and the main Latin American journals in communication separately confirmed that Jesus Martin Barbero is the principal agent of recognition for the entire academic peers who publish there. Sharply from the 80´s in Latin America it is palpable the conditions and historical and structural determinations (especially technological and political) that have been well ahead of the generated in the production and reproduction of knowledge about communication. Epistemic and structural backwardness to account for a multidimensional, complex and unequal actually do emerge the gap and the dismantling of the academic field of communication in this region. However, it is concluded that this structural feature of dismantling the field begins to manifest with some frequency in the Latin American research until the mid-nineties as a result of the relationships and integrations of converging disciplinary contributions to communication studies, the specificity of their analytical contributions, and particularities of historical development between them.
doi:10.15640/ijlc.v3n2a7 fatcat:bz7vnccwcffbxjmlrndm23qgre