Acute Respiratory Distress Syndrome Complicating Strongyloides stercoralis Hyperinfection

Ming-Ju Tsai, Tzung-Shiun Wu, Kun-Bow Tsai, Huang-Chi Chen, Jhi-Jhu Hwang, Ming-Shyan Huang
2011 International Journal of Gerontology  
s u m m a r y Strongyloidiasis is endemic in tropic and subtropic areas, but is currently seldom encountered in developed area like Taiwan. We present an elder man with acute respiratory distress syndrome complicating Strongyloides stercoralis hyperinfection. There was no significant clue initially for diagnosing this patient as having S. stercoralis hyperinfection. Neither peripheral eosinophilia nor significant hemoptysis was noted. Bronchoscopy played a critical role to define the unexpected
more » ... cause of his progressive pulmonary infiltrates. The correct diagnosis was soon made by recognition of the worm in bronchioloalveolar lavage cytology, and specific treatment was initiated promptly. For a septic patient with progressive pulmonary infiltrates, bronchoscopic studies including cytology may be necessary for defining the cause. Hyperinfection strongyloidiasis should be considered as a cause of acute respiratory distress syndrome in immunocompromised patient, especially with the presence of chronic gastrointestinal symptoms.
doi:10.1016/j.ijge.2011.01.010 fatcat:ov3nr2wjabdq3fd6oij3jvquq4