Staged surgical treatment of cholangiogenic abscesses of the liver

V. V. Boyko, V. M. Lykhman, D. A. Miroshnichenko, A. A. Merkulov, S. V. Tkach, A. N. Shevchenko, A. V. Moskalenko, I. V. Volchenko
2020 Шпитальна хірургія Журнал імені Л Я Ковальчука  
The aim of the work: to improve the results of treatment of patients with cholangiogenic liver abscesses by means of staged treatment methods using minimally invasive interventions. Materials and Methods. 82 patients with cholangiogenic liver abscesses aged 21 to 80 years who underwent 130 operations were examined and treated. The main group consisted of 40 (48.4 %) patients who underwent ultrasound-controlled drainage of abscess cavities (stage I), followed by removal of the source of
more » ... genic abscesses (stage II). The comparison group consisted of 42 (51.6 %) patients who underwent rehabilitation and drainage only with laparotomy access. Results and Discussion. Minimally invasive methods of surgical treatment included ultrasound-controlled drainage with simultaneous rehabilitation of abscess cavities. The dimensions of the cavities averaged (150±23.3) cm³. One drainage was used to drain the liver abscess with a diameter of up to 10.0 cm. When the diameter of the abscess was more than 5.0 cm, drainage was carried out by two single-lumen tubes followed by suction-flow washing of the abscess cavity. Monitoring the standing of the drainage and reducing the cavity of abscesses was carried out on 3, 7, 14 days after setting. The drainage tube was removed after the disappearance of the cavity according to ultrasound and control fistulography, which coincided with the normalization of the general condition and body temperature, the disappearance of signs of purulent intoxication. Duration of drainage averaged from 7 to 30 days (an average of 15.2). The proposed treatment method is not very traumatic, the ability to control the effectiveness of the treatment, and most importantly – positive results in 87 % of patients. Second stage in 38 (95 %) was performed laparoscopic cholecystectomy of technical features. The optimal duration of stage II was considered (13±3) days after extraction of the drainage. In the diagnosis and treatment of cholangiogenic liver abscesses, it is necessary to use puncture ultrasound-controlled drainage methods. The stage-by-stage treatment of cholangiogenic liver abscesses with rehabilitation of the abscess cavity made it possible to reduce the incidence of sepsis from 9.5 to 2.5 %, reduce postoperative mortality in extremely severe patients to 2.4 %, and develop complications by 7.3 %.
doi:10.11603/2414-4533.2020.1.10731 fatcat:v3y7lxzylngb5a74lpuedqy4c4