Characteristics and Effects of Laminar Separation Bubbles on NREL S809 Airfoil Using the γ - R e θ Transition Model

Jang-oh Mo, Beom-seok Rho
2020 Applied Sciences  
Understanding the characteristics and effects of the laminar separation bubbles (LSBs) is important in the aerodynamic design of wind turbine airfoils for maximizing wind turbine efficiency. In the present study, numerical simulations using the γ-Reθ transition model were performed to analyze the flow structure of LSBs around a 21% thick NREL S809 airfoil. The simulation results obtained from the γ-Reθ transition model and the standard k-ε model for the aerodynamic coefficients at various
more » ... of attack (AoAs) were compared with the wind tunnel data acquired from the Delft University 1.8 m × 1.25 m low-turbulence wind tunnel. When the AoA increased, the bubble on the suction airfoil surface was found to move closer to the leading edge owing to an earlier laminar separation (LS). Furthermore, the transition onset (TO) points were shown to occur right after separation, thus causing an abrupt increase in turbulence intensity (TI) and forming different bubble extents with increasing AoAs. Consequently, the transition model-based approaches can provide a clear understanding of the characteristics and effects of the LSB on airfoil aerodynamic performance. The findings of this study can provide important insights into redesigning an airfoil with a reduced bubble length causing the improved aerodynamic performance.
doi:10.3390/app10176095 fatcat:jt4cajyhqrehjbmj3g55tvnrgm