Electrochemical Electron Transfer Reactions of M(ttcn)23+/2+ (M = Co, Pd, Pt, Au; ttcn = 1,4,7-trithiacyclononane): the Relation of Reaction Volumes and Electron Transfer Rate Constants

Mitsuru Matsumoto, Shigenobu Funahashi, Hideo D. Takagi
1999 Zeitschrift für Naturforschung. B, A journal of chemical sciences  
The reaction volumes (ΔV0M), corresponding to the volume change for the half-cell reactions for a series of M(ttcn)23+/2+ couples were measured by using cyclic voltammetry at elevated pressures. The ΔV0Mvaluesreflect the changes in the bond length between M and ligands accompanying the changes in the oxidation state of M from 3+ to 2+. The values of the estimated ΔV0M are in the order of Co < Au < Pd < Pt. The reaction volume is larger for the slower ET reactions, indicating that the reaction
more » ... lumes reflect the inner-sphere contribution to the activation free energies. The heterogeneous electron exchange rate constants for the M(ttcn)23+/2+ couples, kel, were measured by AC voltammetry, and by cyclic voltammetry. The latter method on the basis of the Kochi-Nicholson's method was carried out to examine the reliability of this rather simple method by setting the scan rate very fast to make the redox system irreversible. The results obtained by these two methods are in fair agreement with each other, especially when a glassy carbon working electrode was used for the measurements. The relation between the activation free energies for the heterogeneous electron exchange rate constants, ΔG*el, and those for the homogeneous reactions, ΔG*ex, is linear, which indicates that the homogeneous electron transfer reactions of a series of M(ttcn)23+/2+ is also governed by the intrinsic structural change. However, the slope of log kel vs. log kex plot is far smaller than 0.5 as predicted by the Marcus theory.
doi:10.1515/znb-1999-0909 fatcat:tddfnvzxyrg7nmzpqx4zmefz7i