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The Pathophysiology of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus
International Journal of Molecular Sciences
Gestational diabetes mellitus (GDM) is a serious pregnancy complication, in which women without previously diagnosed diabetes develop chronic hyperglycemia during gestation. In most cases, this hyperglycemia is the result of impaired glucose tolerance due to pancreatic β-cell dysfunction on a background of chronic insulin resistance. Risk factors for GDM include overweight and obesity, advanced maternal age, and a family history or any form of diabetes. Consequences of GDM include increaseddoi:10.3390/ijms19113342 fatcat:qadnh67mnfhktaeedjrwh42bpm