A study on hypertension relevant nutritional knowledge and dietary practices in Chinese college students studying in South Korea

Zhe Sun, Wookyoun Cho
2015 Journal of Nutrition and Health  
20대 초중반의 대학 재학 시기는 청소년기에서 성인기 로 전환되는 시기로 영양관리를 통해 성인기 질병예방과 건강한 신체기능 유지의 기초를 다진다. 그러나 이러한 중 요한 시기임에도 불구하고 중국 유학생의 경우 건강문제 에 대한 관심을 적게 가지고 있으며 부모를 떠나 식습관이 다른 한국에 와서 생활이 완전히 독립되지만 사회나 학교 로부터 받는 지지가 적어서 잦은 결식과 외식, 불규칙한 식 사 등의 식생활 문제를 안고 있다. 2,3 또한 이 시기의 바람 직하지 못한 식생활은 일생 건강한 삶을 영위하는데 좋지 않은 영향을 미칠 수 있으며 20대 후반부터는 식생활 습관 을 바꾸기 어렵다고 알려져 있다. 4,5 따라서 국내 거주하는 유학생, 특히 중국 유학생에게 있어서 올바른 식생활의 중 요성을 인식하게 함으로써 잘못된 식생활 개선을 도모하 여 평생 건강한 삶을 영위하게 하는 밑거름이 되도록 올바 ABSTRACT Purpose: The purpose of this study was to
more » ... this study was to investigate the effects of hypertension relevant nutrition knowledge on practices for prevention of hypertension in Chinese college students studying in South Korea. Methods: We conducted a survey of 276 Chinese students studying more than three months in Korean universities who were aged 19 and older about hypertension and sodium relevant nutrition knowledge, intake of salty processed food, hypertension prevention practices, and stages of behavior change for hypertension. Results: The average score on the questionnaire for hypertension relevant nutritional knowledge was 40.62 out of 50 points, and the average score for sodium relevant nutritional knowledge was 24 out of 30 points. Kimchi was the most frequently eaten salty processed food. The average score for hypertension prevention practices was 3.10 out of 5 points. The behavior change stages for prevention of hypertension were contemplation (47.1%), action (32.2%), and pre-contemplation (20.7%). The students received high scores on nutrition knowledge and showed significantly higher scores on the action stage than on pre-contemplation or contemplation. Nutritional knowledge of hypertension and sodium showed positive correlation with hypertension prevention practices, whereas negative correlation with salty processed food intake. Conclusion: Development of an education program for Chinese students in Korea on hypertension and sodium relevant nutritional knowledge is needed so that they can practice for prevention of hypertension. KEY WORDS: Chinese college students, hypertension and sodium relevant knowledge, behavior change stage, dietary practices
doi:10.4163/jnh.2015.48.5.441 fatcat:bcv5pqnx3fgqxaqrqkhnksxqwm