NPOESS: Improving Operational Global Earth Observations from Space

Dan Stockton, Carl Hoffman, John Haas, Craig Nelson, Ron Birk, Rick Ohlemacher
2008 AIAA SPACE 2008 Conference & Exposition   unpublished
In the next decade, weather forecasters, climate researchers, and global decision-makers will rely on the National Polar-orbiting Operational Environmental Satellite System (NPOESS) to meet many of their needs for remotely-sensed, Earth science data and information. Beginning in 2013, NPOESS spacecraft will be launched into two different orbits to provide significantly improved operational capabilities and benefits to satisfy critical civil and national security requirements for space-based,
more » ... otely sensed environmental data. NPOESS will observe more phenomena simultaneously from space and deliver a data volume significantly greater than its operational predecessors with substantially improved delivery of data to users. Higher (spatial, temporal, and spectral) resolution and more accurate imaging and atmospheric sounding data will enable improvements in short-to medium-range weather forecasts. NPOESS will support the operational needs of meteorological, oceanographic, environmental, climatic, and space environmental remote-sensing programs and provide continuity of data for climate researchers. With the development of NPOESS, we are evolving operational "weather" satellites into integrated global environmental, operational observing systems by expanding our capabilities to observe, assess, and predict the total Earth system -atmosphere, ocean, land, and the near-Earth space environment.
doi:10.2514/6.2008-7667 fatcat:l44ybsjpujfqbmk3sr7t27bwbi