Exploring the Complex World of Two-Dimensional Ordering with Three Modes

S. K. Mkhonta, K. R. Elder, Zhi-Feng Huang
2013 Physical Review Letters  
The world of two-dimensional crystals is of great significance for the design and study of structural and functional materials with novel properties. The world of two-dimensional crystals is of great significance for the design and study of structural and functional materials with novel properties. Here we examine the mechanisms governing the formation and dynamics of these crystalline or polycrystalline states and their elastic and plastic properties by constructing a generic multi-mode phase
more » ... ield crystal model. Our results demonstrate that a system with three competing length scales can order into all five Bravais lattices, and other more complex structures including honeycomb, kagome and other hybrid phases. In addition, non-equilibrium phase transitions are examined to illustrate the complex phase behavior described by the model. This model provides a systematic path to predict the influence of lattice symmetry on both structure and dynamics of crystalline and defected systems.
doi:10.1103/physrevlett.111.035501 pmid:23909335 fatcat:kaabea5w55crfovrhptrgpbbzq