Subnational trade flows and state-level energy intensity: an empirical analysis

P. Chintrakarn
2013 Applied Economics Letters  
In one strand of research, analysts examine trends in and the determinants of energy usage and intensity. In a second strand, researchers analyze the impact of trade flows on environmental outcomes. Recently, Cole (2006) bridges this gap, analyzing the impact of trade intensity on energy usage utilizing panel data at the country level. Here, we analyze the impact of subnational trade flows across U.S. states on state-level energy usage and intensity, controlling for the endogeneity of trade
more » ... eneity of trade flows. Our findings indicate that an expansion of subnational trade at worst has no impact on state-level energy usage, and may actually reduce energy usage (contrary to Cole's country-level findings), although the impacts are not uniform across sectors. JEL: F18, Q4
doi:10.1080/13504851.2013.806773 fatcat:xesqe2hwb5fi7aleyx35chlpha