Behavioral Coaching of Track Athletes with Developmental Disabilities: Evaluation of Sprint Performance during Training and Special Olympics Competition

James K. Luiselli, Neelima G. Duncan, Patrick Keary, Elizabeth Godbold Nelson, Rebecca E. Parenteau, Kathryn E. Woods
2013 Journal of Clinical Sport Psychology  
We evaluated several behavioral coaching procedures with two young adults who had intellectual and developmental disabilities and were preparing for a Special Olympics track event. The primary dependent measure was their time running a 100 m sprint. Following a baseline phase, the athletes were coached to improve sprint times through different combinations of goal setting, performance feedback, positive reinforcement, and video modeling. In a sequential design, the average sprint time of both
more » ... rint time of both athletes was lower during intervention conditions compared with baseline. Following intervention, they ran faster than their baseline average in competition at a regional Special Olympics event. We discuss intervention and research issues in behavioral coaching of people with intellectual and developmental disabilities.
doi:10.1123/jcsp.7.4.264 fatcat:dcglvnho6nfz5m4ogl5mpdnffy