A Hierarchical Bayesian Markovian Model for Motifs in Biopolymer Sequences

Eric P. Xing, Michael I. Jordan, Richard M. Karp, Stuart J. Russell
2002 Neural Information Processing Systems  
We propose a dynamic Bayesian model for motifs in biopolymer sequences which captures rich biological prior knowledge and positional dependencies in motif structure in a principled way. Our model posits that the position-specific multinomial parameters for monomer distribution are distributed as a latent Dirichlet-mixture random variable, and the position-specific Dirichlet component is determined by a hidden Markov process. Model parameters can be fit on training motifs using a variational EM
more » ... lgorithm within an empirical Bayesian framework. Variational inference is also used for detecting hidden motifs. Our model improves over previous models that ignore biological priors and positional dependence. It has much higher sensitivity to motifs during detection and a notable ability to distinguish genuine motifs from false recurring patterns.
dblp:conf/nips/XingJKR02 fatcat:u66zv4zvwbanleljeihts3gf74