Food Habits and Sport Practice According to BMI Categories and Rural/Urban Origin

Andrea Pavanetto, Nicola Lovecchio, Matteo Zago, Antonio La Torre
2016 OALib  
The juvenile obesity is correlated to dietary and physical activity. Moreover, the rural or urban context could affect other aspects like time available to practice sport or the availability of sport facilities. Thus, this brief report investigated the relationship between origin and food habits in children belonging to different BMI categories. Over than 1400 primary school students were interviewed with their parents about their food habits. All answers were stratified according to origin
more » ... al/urban) and to BMI categories as defined in literature. The percentage of normal weight, overweight and obese children between rural and urban context were similar (p > 0.05). All the BMI categories were familiar to have breakfast and no differences were found between rural or urban context (p > 0.52). Over 70% of children had the principal meal in at least 15 minutes. In particular, all of them used to watch TV during this moment: no differences were found between urban/rural or BMI categories (p = 0.87 and p = 0.98). In general, most of urban children performed physical activity less than seven hours/week, while normal weight subjects were more active than obese one (p = 0.04). We concluded that school promotion and municipalities/institutions intervention could be a good solution to reach all children in environment where the amount of facilities is often poor.
doi:10.4236/oalib.1103150 fatcat:kbh7fgrrs5b7xcq3i3exa7q5g4