Value orientations in Ceylon: a comparative study and critique

Crampton Michael Stuart
This thesis comprises the analysis of data gathered in Ceylon by a value-analysis questionnaire, the Kluckhohn Value Orientation Schedule, and a critique of the method. The data were gathered from a total of 403 respondents in Ceylon during the Summer of 1963 by Dr. Michael M. Ames of the Department of Anthropology and Sociology at the University of British Columbia. The particular focus of the study was upon a sample of 75 parent-child pairs who completed the Ceylonese questionnaires together
more » ... ionnaires together with a critique of the particular questionnaire method, including its use in two studies which preceded the Ames research. In 1961, F. Kluckhohn and F.L. Strodtbeck published the original study in which the Kluckhohn Value Orientation Schedule was developed and tested in five cultures in the American Southwest. In 1962, W. Caudill and H.A. Scarr published a partial replication of the Kluckhohn and Stodtbeck study utilizing the questionnaire in Japan. The Ames use of the same value schedule followed in Ceylon in 1963. The Caudill and Scarr and Ames research suffer from some limitations not found in the original study, including statistically incidental sampling, but in general, since the same value schedule was used in all three studies, the same underlying assumptions guided each. Our approach to the analysis of the Ames data and the construction of the critique begins with a brief introduction to the study of values in Chapter I, followed in Chapter II by a description of the Caudill and Scarr Japanese research and the statement of the hypotheses derived from this research to be tested with the Ceylonese data. In Chapter III the analysis of the data is outlined and an attempt is made to assess the influence of selected background variables upon value-orientation (value-configuration) choice. The material relevant, for the test of the hypotheses is presented in Chapter IV. The methodological critique is presented in Chapter V. Our initial finding, that none of a comparatively large number of background characteristics o [...]
doi:10.14288/1.0105589 fatcat:ugckob524ndobnd2tknu5acaha