An Improved Sub-Model PLSR Quantitative Analysis Method Based on SVM Classifier for ChemCam Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy
Laser-induced breakdown spectroscopy (LIBS) is a powerful tool for qualitative and quantitative analysis. Component analysis is a significant issue for the LIBS instrument onboard the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) rover Curiosity ChemCam and SuperCam on the Mars 2020 rover. The partial least squares (PLS) sub-model strategy is one of the outstanding multivariate analysis methods for calibration modeling, which is firstly developed by the ChemCam science team. We innovatively used a support
... used a support vector machine (SVM) classifier to select the corresponding sub-model. Then conventional regression approaches partial least squares regression (PLSR) was utilized as a sub-model to prove that our selecting method was feasible, effective, and well-performed. For eight oxides, i.e., SiO2, TiO2, Al2O3, FeOT, MgO, CaO, Na2O, and K2O, the modified SVM-PLSR blended sub-model method was 34.8% to 62.4% lower than the corresponding root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) of the full model method. In order to avoid that SVM classifiers classifying the spectrum into an incorrect class, an optimized method was proposed which worked well in the modified PLSR blended sub-models.