A Survey on Privacy Protection of Blockchain: the Technology and Application

Dan Wang, Jindong Zhao, Yingjie Wang
2020 IEEE Access  
As a kind of point-to-point distributed public ledger technology, blockchain has been widely concerned in recent years. The privacy protection of blockchain technology has always been the core issue of people's attention. In this paper, some existing solutions to the current problems of user identity and transaction privacy protection are surveyed, including coin mixing mechanism, zero knowledge proof, ring signature and other technologies. Secondly, five typical applications of privacy
more » ... on technology based on blockchain are proposed and analyzed, which are mainly divided into technology applications based on coin mixing protocol, encryption protocol, secure channel protocol and so on. Finally, in view of the shortages of the existing blockchain privacy protection technology, we explore future research challenges that need to be studied in order to preserve privacy in blockchain system, and looks forward to the future development direction. INDEX TERMS Blockchain, privacy protection, bitcoin, anonymity, security. 108768 VOLUME 8, 2020
doi:10.1109/access.2020.2994294 fatcat:cxbx5qdpgzawzg7yjgt7vgddka