Prediction of bulk particle breakage due to naturally formed shear bands
In many particle processes there exist both stagnant and flowing regions. Shear bands naturally form between these regions as a transition from zero to full velocity. Particles within shear bands are prone to breakage through surface erosion, chipping and fragmentation when exposed to substantial shear stresses. The precise nature and extent of breakage is difficult to describe mechanistically, due to the distribution of particle strengths and forces acting upon them. Consequently the breakage
... f particles within shear bands is typically defined empirically using an attrition shear cell. The use of such empirical relationships to predict breakage in larger processes is severely limited in the literature. This paper describes a method of predicting bulk breakage in an agitated vessel by establishing particle breakage caused by applied stress and strain in a shear cell. The Distinct Element Method (DEM) is utilised to estimate the distribution of stresses and strains within the agitated bed, this distribution is then applied to the breakage relationship to predict total attrition. The DEM analysis requires a number of measurement cells to be considered within the bed. It is imperative that the dimensions of these cells are comparable to that of a naturally occurring shear band. With this measure in place the method outlined here describes the experimental breakage well. This method can be applied to any system where particles break due to shear deformation.