Customized Reconstruction of Complex Soft Tissue Defect Around the Knee with Individual Design of Free Perforator Flap
Background Reconstruction of complex soft tissue defect around the knee, particularly in involving with large soft tissue defect or disruption of extensor mechanism, always is a challenging problem. The purpose of this study was to introduce our clinical experience on using individual design of free perforator flap for complex soft-tissue reconstruction around the knee. Methods Between June 2010 and March 2017, 16 patients underwent the reconstruction of complex soft tissue defect in the knee
... gion with free perforator flap, Various flap designs was performed basing on the location of wound, the require pedicle length, the tissue components that are deficient, the volume of such components and the risk of donor site morbidity.Results Complex soft tissue defect of the knee was reconstructed with anteriorlateral thigh perforator (ALTP) flap in 5 cases, modified ALTP flap in 2 cases, chimeric ALTP flap in 4 cases, dual skin paddles ALTP flap in 2 cases and chimeric thoracodorsal artery perforator (TDAP) flap in 2 cases. Multiple perforator flaps and vascularized fascia lata in combination were performed in one case. All flaps survived postoperative. None vascular congestion was observed. Only one case suffered partial necrosis. Primary closure of donor site was performed for all patients. The mean follow-up time was 16.5 months. Most cases showed satisfactory flap contour and acceptable function outcome. Conclusions Free perforator flap is a reliable option for repairing complex soft tissue defect in the knee region, especially when local and pedicled flaps are unavailable. Various flap designs allow for more individualized treatment approaches.