Characterization of the products of the U(L)43 gene of herpes simplex virus 1: potential implications for regulation of gene expression by antisense transcription

K L Carter, P L Ward, B Roizman
1996 Journal of Virology  
The products, RNA or proteins, of the herpes simplex virus 1 open reading frame U L 43 have not been previously identified. The expression of an open reading frame antisense to U L 43, U L 43.5 (P. L. Ward, D. E. Barker, and B. Roizman, J. Virol. 70:2684-2690, 1996), has been reported. We report the existence of a transcript corresponding to the domain of the U L 43 open reading frame extending approximately 30 bp from the predicted TATA box to the predicted polyadenylation signal. The RNA of
more » ... ignal. The RNA of the U L 43 open reading frame accumulates to higher levels in the presence of phosphonoacetic acid, an inhibitor of viral DNA synthesis, than in its absence, whereas the U L 43.5 transcript accumulates in larger amounts in the absence of phosphonoacetic acid. The open reading frame tagged with a sequence encoding a 20-amino-acid epitope yielded a protein with an apparent M r of 32,000, i.e., considerably lower than that predicted from the size of the open reading frame. The discovery of a pair of antisense genes expressed during productive infection raises the possibilities that additional antisense genes exist and that the antisense arrangement provides still another mechanism for regulation of gene expression.
doi:10.1128/jvi.70.11.7663-7668.1996 fatcat:irtzcrg7dzf3tfe7lckq2dvk2a